To Know Thailand

    Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
    Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 100 00 E
    Map references: Southeast Asia

    total: 514,000 sq km
    land: 511,770 sq km
    water: 2,230 sq km

    Area – comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,863 km
    border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

    Coastline: 3,219 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

    Terrain: central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
    highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

    Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

    Land use:
    arable land: 34%
    permanent crops: 6%
    permanent pastures: 2%
    forests and woodland: 26%
    other: 32% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 44,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

    Environment – current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

    Environment – international agreements:
    party to: Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography – note: controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore



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